Comparison of the Level of C-reactive Protein in Pre-eclampsia and Normal Pregnancy
Keywords:C-reactive protein, Preeclampsia, Pregnancy.
OBJECTIVES: To measure the serum C-reactive protein levels in women with pre-eclampsia and
compare its level in the normal pregnant women.
METHODOLOGY: This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in the biochemistry
department, Liaquat University of medical and health sciences (LUMHS), Jamshoro from January to
June 2017. A total of 80 subjects were recruited and grouped into n=40 women with normal pregnancy
(control) and n=40 women with pre-eclampsia (cases) by non-probability consecutive sampling
technique. The serum concentrations of C-reactive protein were determined by immunoturbidimetric
assay. The variables were analyzed on SPSS software version 16 and p?0.05 was considered as
RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the age (p-value = 0.52) and gestational age (p-value =
0.09) between women with pre-eclampsia and normal pregnancy. Mean serum C-reactive protein
concentration was significantly raised (p-value < 0.001) in women with pre-eclampsia (2.80±1.3 mg/dl) in
comparison to normal pregnant women (0.63±0.39 mg/dl).
CONCLUSION: The findings of this study indicated the increased C-reactive protein levels in women
with preeclampsia as compare to normal pregnant women. The level of C-reactive protein can be utilized
as inflammatory and biochemical marker in the pre-eclampsia. Furthermore, screening of pregnant
women for C-reactive protein levels during early antenatal period in high risk obstetrical cases may be
helpful in diagnosis of pre-eclampsia, which may reduce the feto-maternal morbidity and mortality.
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