Effects of Cigarette Smoking on Blood Pressure and Hearing Level of Male Adults of Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan

Authors

  • Shakil Ahmed Shaikh
  • Salma Farukh Memon
  • Zulfiqar Ali Laghari
  • Muhammad Ali Bhatti
  • Hanozia Shah
  • Ghulam Shah Nizamani

Keywords:

Cigarette Smoking, Blood Pressure, Hearing Level.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess correlation of cigarette smoking on blood pressure and hearing level and
Compare with non-smokers.
METHODOLOGY: This Cross-Sectional Comparative Study conducted at the department of ENT
Combined Military (CMH) Hospital Hyderabad from July to December 2019; Simple random technique
was used for data collection. Simple random sampling is the basic sampling technique where we select
a group of subjects (a sample) for study from a larger group (a population). Each individual is chosen
entirely by chance and each member of the population has an equal chance of being included in the
sample.


RESULTS: Out of 359 participants, 163 were smoker while 195 were non-smoker. The mean age of
smoker was 28.99±3.374 years and non- smoker was 28.00±4.451 years. No significant difference found
in both groups regarding their educational standard (systematic collection and analysis of data related
to the field of education). Severity of the hearing loss was significantly associated with cigarette
smoking. Increased Systolic and diastolic blood pressure was associated with cigarette smoking.


CONCLUSION: The evidence was suggestive of positive correlation of cigarette smoking with increases
blood pressure and hearing impairment.

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Published

2020-04-29

How to Cite

1.
Shaikh SA, Memon SF, Laghari ZA, Bhatti MA, Shah H, Nizamani GS. Effects of Cigarette Smoking on Blood Pressure and Hearing Level of Male Adults of Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan. J Liaq Uni Med Health Sci [Internet]. 2020 Apr. 29 [cited 2024 May 19];19(01):33-6. Available from: http://ojs.lumhs.edu.pk/index.php/jlumhs/article/view/273