The ABO and Rhesus (Rh) Blood Groups Distribution among the Female Blood Donors in Tertiary Care Hospital, Karachi

Authors

  • Zareen Irshad
  • Salma Parween
  • Muhammed Anwar
  • Asma Shabbir
  • Binish Arif Sultan

Keywords:

Blood grouping, ABO blood group, Rhesus (Rh) blood group.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To find out the prevalence of ABO (A, B, AB, O) blood group and Rhesus (Rh) blood group
among the female blood donors.
METHODOLOGY: The study was carried out at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, in the
blood bank department, from January 2016 to December 2018. A total of 394 female blood donors were
eligible and enrolled for blood donation. For the determination of blood grouping (ABO and Rh), an
antigen-antibody agglutination test using a slide method was performed. Both forward (cell grouping)
and reserve (serum) grouping were performed. The data were evaluated through statistical software;
SPSS version 23.0.
RESULTS: A total of 394 female blood donors were presented during the study, the ABO blood group
distribution was 118 (29.9%), 132 (33.5%), 94 (23.9%), and 50 (12.7%) for blood groups A, B, O, and AB
respectively. Rh positive blood group was found in 364(92.4%) and in 30(7.6%) was Rh negative.
CONCLUSION: The present study concludes that the most prevalent ABO blood group among female
donors in Karachi is “B” whereas “AB” is the least prevalent. In the Rh system, Rh positive is more
common than Rh negative.

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Published

2020-04-29

How to Cite

1.
Irshad Z, Parween S, Anwar M, Shabbir A, Sultan BA. The ABO and Rhesus (Rh) Blood Groups Distribution among the Female Blood Donors in Tertiary Care Hospital, Karachi. J Liaq Uni Med Health Sci [Internet]. 2020 Apr. 29 [cited 2024 May 19];19(01):28-32. Available from: http://ojs.lumhs.edu.pk/index.php/jlumhs/article/view/272