Uterovesical Fistula: A Rare Obstetrical Complication, An Emerging Challenge

Authors

  • Nabila Hassan
  • Pushpa Srichand
  • Sabreena Talpur
  • Sabreena Abbas

Keywords:

Uterovesical fistula, caesarean section, Urinary incontinence.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of uterovesical fistula, its etiology, clinical presentation and
management.
METHODOLOGY: This retrospective study was carried out at department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
from January 2007 to June 2018. Secondary data collected from hospital records of all patients who are
diagnosed as a case of uterovesical fistula. Details regarding age, parity, duration, etiological factor,
clinical presentation and management of uterovesical fistulae were recorded. Data analysis performed
on SPSS version 20 and results were analyzed for mean, frequency and percentage.
RESULTS: During the study, there were 545 patients registered with urogenital fistula. Among them 36
patients having uterovesical fistula were included in the study, giving a frequency of 6.6%. Mean age
26±8 while mean parity 3±2.4. Major etiological factor was caesarean section for obstructed labour
(n=25, 69%) followed by repeat caesarean section. Major symptoms were urinary incontinence and
cyclical menouria. Most of the patients (n=34, 94%) had surgical repair. All patients had complete cure.
CONCLUSION: Uterovesical fistula is not an infrequent gynecological morbidity in our area with
diagnostic challenge, however meticulous clinical evaluation keeping the possibility of this disease can
give clue to the diagnosis. Though surgical approach can cure most of the cases, attention should be
given towards preventive strategies such as provision of quality obstetric care with improvements of
surgical skills.

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Published

2020-04-29

How to Cite

1.
Hassan N, Srichand P, Talpur S, Abbas S. Uterovesical Fistula: A Rare Obstetrical Complication, An Emerging Challenge. J Liaq Uni Med Health Sci [Internet]. 2020 Apr. 29 [cited 2024 May 19];19(01):16-9. Available from: http://ojs.lumhs.edu.pk/index.php/jlumhs/article/view/269